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URUKAGINA

A Reformer of 4300 years ago

 

Urukagina, ensi of the city of Lagash, after taking the power, tried to differentiate his kingdom from that of his predecessors with a series of reforms. The text brings an edict that announces the reforms of the administration and sentences the spreading corruption.

Place: Mesopotamia

Epoch: 2300-2350 b.C.

 

Edict of Urukagina (extracts)

From a long immemorial time , from when life has had beginning, the head of the boatmen took possession of some boats, the official employed to the livestock took posession of the donkeys, another of the sheep, and the official appointed at the fishing took possession of the ...

These were once the customs!

When Ningirsu, warrior of Enlil, gave the royalty on Lagash ... he reformed the customs of the previous times.

He removed the head boatman, removed the official employed to the livestock, removed the inspector of the fishing, removed the supervisor of the store of the cereals from the control on the taxes in grain, removed the officer responsible of the payment of the taxes in silver and removed the officer responsible of the delivery of the taxes choosing him among the officials of the palace instead of among the officials of the temple.

From the borders of Ningirsu to the sea bureaucracy suspended any operation.

 

Bibliographical references:

Liverani M.
Antico Oriente - Storia societÓ economia
Laterza

 

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